In 2008, Nepal's monarchy was ousted from power, turned out of their palaces, and so the country began a new era as a republic. The civil war had lasted a decade and cost more than 13,000 lives. The transformation from kingdom to republic was swift, dramatic, and begs the questions of what will happen next. Will the Maoists usher in a new China-type regime? Or will they find a more benign compromise?